Every time you want to build a home or building, floor plan or architectural project is necessary to prepare and plan all aspects that may affect directly or indirectly. This is when we begin to need to use construction plans.
Any fool can write a book and most of them are doing it; but it takes brains to build a house.
What is a Floor Plan?
A floor plan or construction plan is the graphic representation of future work. A work depending on its size can have different amounts of plans there is no exact amount since each project is different. In other words, the plans are the recipe that the builders have to follow in order to build exactly the future work, so to understand this project the more detailed and specific it will be the better.
In the plans are elements of daily use, beds, furniture, kitchen, or provision of future furniture and define specific areas of the house or building to be built and break down all the features of facilities and construction processes that will be needed for the correct execution of the work.
These plans contain all the necessary information and the guidelines that must be followed in order to build the project. In addition, they are a document that serves to obtain certain financing if we need it, construction permits and exact measurements. Without these, it would be impossible to perform any work because thanks to them the builder will have access to all the necessary information to start the works, such as determining what would be the measure of the bathrooms or the stairs.
The construction plans are usually presented with an estimate of costs and a specifications manual. All of them must contain in their interior a plan of situation where, at a metric scale, their situation and location are determined.
Importance of a Floor Plan
The plans are frequently used for the presentation of territories of different sizes. Those who are in charge of making plans need to have good management of geometry since the plane precisely becomes of this discipline and has only two dimensions: long and high. In this way, the plane is a system that can contain other figures inside but will always be two-dimensional (two dimensions).
A plan can have different uses and this will depend mainly on what needs to be done: for example, within the architecture, a plan represents a house, including its rooms, open spaces, and contains all the measures that must be taken.
A floor plan represents smaller to larger territories, as is the case of cities, provinces or entire countries. Thus, the plans become the essential allies of the cartographers. And in the housing plans, measurements are used at scale, that is, the real measurements are represented by different scales.
A floor plan has many other details, the calculation of the area of the site, the area to be built represented also by calculating the percentage of the total built compared to the area and all the engineers who participated in its development of the plan and the In charge of carrying out the project.
Also, a floor plan can be used to communicate with vendors and contractors about an upcoming project.
What is the difference between a free and an open floor plan?
To create a floor plan, the building is horizontally "cut open" and the area presented from a bird's eye view. Floor plans are part of technical drawings, especially of architectural drawings. So that not only the load-bearing and non-load-bearing interior and exterior walls but also essential details, such as the position of the windows in a floor plan, become visible. The horizontal "cut" is usually one meter above the floor.
The theoretical substructure of the plan is the two-panel projection. Since the term floor plan is not only used for the graphic representation of the spatial conditions but also designates the spatial relationships, the floor plan can also refer to the size and location of the rooms within a building. In this respect, a distinction must be made between free and open floor plans.
In the case of a free floor plan, the architecture dispenses with load-bearing, firmly set walls on the individual floors. The loads are therefore carried only by the outer walls and individual supports. Within this grid, which results from the supporting elements, the partitions can be incorporated individually.
The design of the floor plan can be completely free, constructive constraints do not exist in the free floor plan. Even with hindsight, therefore, changes to the floor plan are possible. While the free floor plan is a constructive principle, the term "open floor plan" describes a spatial principle.
The open floor plan is therefore also a principle of architecture. The focus here is on the functional spatial organization. The entire volume, delimited from the outer walls is not considered as a collection of individual subspaces, but as a coherent continuum. This means that in contrast to conventional dwellings or single-family dwellings in which separate room units are planned, the rooms partly overlap one another in an open floor plan or are even connected to the outside space.
How is a floor plan created?
There are many ways to create a floor plan. Either professional service providers can be commissioned, computer programs used or a floor plan drawn by hand and graph paper. Particular attention should be paid to each of these variants.
First of all, it is important to note down all the requirements, needs and wishes that the house or apartment should fulfill. Then you should start measuring the following units/objects
- The base of the room
- Doors/entrances and windows
- Exterior walls
- Width and height of the interior walls
- Sockets, switches, etc. (Where exactly are they located, what is their distance?)
- Elements and devices that are already firmly installed
- Objects to be placed in the appropriate room
Now it goes to the scale. It is well known that floor plans should be drawn to scale. When drawing the objects, make sure that the same scale is used. It should be considered which function the individual rooms have and what the occupant wants to have in view when sitting at the desk or preparing food in the kitchen.
When the drawing is ready, it makes sense and advisable to have a second person, in the best case a specialist, checks the floor plan.