The steps in construction projects are the same as in any other: initiation, planning, execution, monitoring, and completion. Structured differently they can be classified into the following six stages.
The 6 stages of construction projects
The first stage of construction projects are also the time to introduce the concept of sustainability. This commitment, with the environment, people and society must be a constant in the work and, of course, in the way of presenting them, which begins here.
- Process simulation
- Conceptual design
- Viability study
- Authorizations and legal aspects
- Financing options
- Definition of the project scope
- Determination of the place of work
- License evaluation
- Technological evaluation
Public participation can acquire a greater role at this stage, where the terms in which the project will be developed will have to be confirmed.
- "Front - end" engineering
- Detailed engineering
- Cost control
- Planning and programming
- System integration
- Security planning
This is a stage that must be systematically managed and where the training and experience of the Project Manager play a key role. They minimize errors and optimize the conditions in which the work is executed.
- Materials management
- Requirements planning
- A search of suppliers
- Bid evaluation
- Quality control of suppliers
- Warehouse functions
- Contract management
It is when the execution of the work occurs. This is one of the stages of construction projects where it is most meticulous to comply with the regulations, especially about the applicable safety and health regulations.
- Construction Management
- Staff pick
- Training and personnel training
- Supply of equipment and tools
- Reception and control of materials
- Work control
- Contract Management
It is the stage dedicated to verifying that everything planned works according to the design and is operational. If all the works have been executed correctly, this moment would be to verify that the project has been a success.
As integrating the efforts of workers, contractors and designers are not so simple in practice, this stage is intended to make effective the adjustment that is needed to meet customer expectations, an alignment that has to be carried out through the engineering.
- Engineering support
- Systems control
Operations and maintenance
The stages of construction projects do not end with the delivery to the client, but, many times, it is necessary to continue providing services such as those described below:
- Performance improvement program
- Facility Management
- Maintenance and operations in the plant